There were three main
types of religion in Ancient China: Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism.
Chinese people also worshipped their ancestors; they felt strongly bound
to the land they lived in because their ancestors' spirits apparently roamed
An ancient philosopher
named Confucius believed a strict government would maintain a better country,
and he outlined a code of proper behaviour. He believed if families were
strong and united, the country would be strong and united.
Daoism was opposed to
this. This religion believed people should live by nature rather than the
government. Daoism thought people should believe in themselves and be prosperous,
and there would be fewer wars and crimes when people stopped wanting things
which couldn't be obtained honestly.
Buddhism wasn't against
the other religions, but it had its own beliefs. Buddhism spread the word
that people could be reincarnated or reborn many, many times. It was a
nice idea, but not everybody believed it. To Buddhists, being good and
performing noble deeds in this life would surely earn you a rewarding next
life. Besides these religions, foreigners also brought Christianity,
Judaism and the beliefs of Islam into ancient China.